What is Acne?

Acne is a disorder of the sebaceous gland which is characterised by comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), papules (pinheads), pustules (pimples), nodules or cysts (large papules) and may result in scars. Acne is a common skin disorder that affects 80% of the population and can present in mild, moderate to sever forms. All types of acne lesions have the ability to produce inflammation and can sometimes leave darker skin types hyperpigmented. This can continue after the infection for several months or permanent scarring may also occur. This may have psychological effects on the patient including reduced self-esteem and can sometimes cause depression. So one must not delay and ignore the acne and should early treatments to prevent complications.

What causes Acne?

The precise cause of acne is unknown, however the following are contributing factors:

  • Sebum – patients with acne have increases sebum excretion.
  • Hormones – androgen hormones (from testes, ovaries, adrenals, and sebaceous glands themselves) are the main stimulants of sebum production.
  • Poral Occlusion – both genetic and environmental factors (eg. some cosmetics) cause the dead layer of skin cells to overgrow and cover the hair follicle. This causes a blockage and retains the sebum underneath the skin, allowing the bacteria to thrive and accumulate pus. Rupture of the pus into the hair follicles are associated with intense inflammation and tissue damage.
  • Bacterial Proprionibacterium – this is a type of bacteria that colonises in the pilosebaceous ducts.
  • Genetic – studies have indicated that about half of those who have a history of acne in their family.


What treatments are available?

Chemical Skin Peels

These treatments are performed by our Dermal Clinician to exfoliate and decongest the skin. These chemical peels are mainly Salicylic or Jessner’s peels as they both have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects on acne. Chemical peels also have a rejuvenation effects and help skincare products penetrate deeper into the lower layers of the skin for faster results.

LED Light Therapy

Blue and Red LED light treatment has shown improvements for persistent acne. These light treatments work by targeting the sebaceous gland and bacteria beneath the skin. It also aids the healing process.

Medication and Hormone Therapy

If topical treatments alone fail, long term antibiotics or hormone therapy may be necessary to control the acne. Hormone therapy is usually restricted to female patients in the form of contraceptive pill. On rare occasions, isotretinoin (oral vitamin A) also known as ‘Roaccutane’ can be prescribed by a doctor for severe nodule cystic acne.

Fractional Laser Treatment

Once the active acne has been controlled and cleared, laser treatments are ideal for those who have scarring as a result. Our Fractionated lasers including the Dot Therapy Laser and the Fraxel Restore 1550nm Laserare the safest and most effective procedures to improve acne scarring. It works by causing a controlled wound to the deeper layers of the skin, causing the body to heal itself by producing more collagen fibres. With the increased amount of collagen fibres being produced, it then ‘bulks’ up the tiny scars and makes them more level with the rest of the skin.

chemical peel

Choose a Quality Mineral Makeup

Some cosmetic products including liquid foundations have been known to cause acne. These cosmetic products can cause plugs in the hair follicle and trap the oils underneath the skin, allowing bacteria to thrive and cause acne. As makeup can be worn 10-12 hours per day. It is important to use quality mineral based makeups that are gentle and allow the skin to “breathe”.  We offer a range of quality GLO Mineral Makeup, a pressed mineral powder. Ask one of our Dermal Clinicians about what makeup products would suit you.


Glo Minerals logo

Use Medicated Skincare

If you have sensitive, acne prone skin, on-going maintenance with prescribed skincare products are an essential part in the control of Acne. Preparations including salicylic acid, retinoic acid, benzyl peroxide and antibiotic washes and lotions are usually the main ingredients in these products.

Next Step: Book your Initial Acne Consultation

  • Email us or Call on (03) 8849 1400 to arrange your injectables consultation appointment.
  • Book a consultation with Coco Ruby’s Aesthetic Physician, Nurse Injectors or Dermal Clinician.

Want more information before scheduling your skin consultation?

  • Request more information about our rejuvenation procedures – call or contact us
  • Attend our FREE Regular Practice Events and meet our Skin Treatment Experts and our elite team of Specialist Plastic Surgeonsfor face, body and breast

Send a confidential Enquiry form today or phone (03) 8849 1400 to schedule a skin consultation. For additional information on surgical and non-surgical facial rejuvenation options, please visit our Coco Ruby home page or visit Cosmetic Surgery for Women and Aesthetic Surgery for Men.


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