What is Acne and can it be treated?
Acne is a disorder of the sebaceous gland which is characterised by comedones (blackheads and whiteheads), papules (pinheads), pustules (pimples), nodules or cysts (large papules) and may result in scars. Yes, it can be treated effectively, but is best treated by a professional or Dermal Clinician who can look at the problem from a holistic perspective including home care regimes, skin care products, and sebum control.
Here at Coco Ruby Skin & Anti-Ageing, our Dermal Clinicians have expertise in helping patients of all ages control their acne and reduce acne scarring. It can take several treatments and a home-care approach as well as an in-clinic treatment package, and you’ll need to follow the ‘home work’ instructions from your Dermal Clinician. But the healing effects of these treatments and skin care products can leave you with smoother, clearer skin and the confidence that goes with it.
In the diagram below, we show you various types of acne pimples. Many sufferers of acne have a variety of blemishes; including blocked pores, pus-filled pustules, whiteheads and blackheads. Unfortunately, it is often more prominent during puberty or young adulthood – just when you really want to look your very best. But acne can strike at any age, and can come and go for some individuals. Fortunately we can give you tips for keeping acne at bay for a lifetime; by teaching you skin care regimes and the products that really help reduce the chances of your skin breaking out in pimples. There’s no guarantee you’ll never get a pimple again, but we have seen some amazing results with our medical-grade skin cleansing routines and practical advise, such as eating healthily and changing your pillow cases and facial washers daily.
Why is facial acne so common?
In general, ACNE is a common skin disorder, however, affecting around 80% of the population at some point in their lives. It can present in mild or moderate forms to severe acne.
There are different types of acne concerns and they often relate to a combination of factors including excess sebum production, blocked or inflamed skin pores, hormonal changes and bacteria on the skin that makes it worse.
- All types of acne lesions have the ability to produce inflammation and can sometimes leave all skin types hyperpigmented or with tell-tale scars (deep pick-ax scars or acne crater-types of scars).
- This can continue after the infection for several months or permanent and scarring may not show up for several months (as the skin renews, you see what the lower dermal layers have become exposed to).
- Acne and acne scarring may have psychological effects on the patient, including reduced self-esteem or even depression.
But it CAN be effectively treated in our Clinic if you are willing to do YOUR SIDE of the methods for keeping acne at bay as best as it can be.
So seek early treatments to prevent complications and minimise your scars. Call today on (03) 8849 1444 or send an enquiry form. We can review your skin with imaging, recommend a medical-based acne cleanser and acne home care system, and provide various in clinic peels, light based treatments or even lasers to keep your skin looking better to reduce major breakouts of acne and blackheads.
What causes Acne?
The precise cause of acne is unknown, however the following are contributing factors:
- Sebum – patients with acne have increases sebum excretion.
- Hormones – androgen hormones (from testes, ovaries, adrenals, and sebaceous glands themselves) are the main stimulants of sebum production.
- Poral Occlusion – both genetic and environmental factors (eg. some cosmetics) cause the dead layer of skin cells to overgrow and cover the hair follicle. This causes a blockage and retains the sebum underneath the skin, allowing the bacteria to thrive and accumulate pus. Rupture of the pus into the hair follicles are associated with intense inflammation and tissue damage.
- Bacterial Proprionibacterium – this is a type of bacteria that colonises in the pilosebaceous ducts.
- Genetic – studies have indicated that about half of those who have a history of acne in their family.
What treatments are available?
Chemical Skin Peels
These treatments are performed by our Dermal Clinician to exfoliate and decongest the skin. These chemical peels are mainly Salicylic or Jessner’s peels as they both have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects on acne. Chemical peels also have a rejuvenation effects and help skincare products penetrate deeper into the lower layers of the skin for faster results.
LED Light Therapy
Blue and Red LED light treatment has shown improvements for persistent acne. These light treatments work by targeting the sebaceous gland and bacteria beneath the skin. It also aids the healing process.
Low Level Light Therapy (Healite II) may also help.
Medication and Hormone Therapy
If topical treatments alone fail, long term antibiotics or hormone therapy may be necessary to control the acne. Hormone therapy is usually restricted to female patients in the form of contraceptive pill. On rare occasions, isotretinoin (oral vitamin A) also known as ‘Roaccutane’ can be prescribed by a doctor for severe nodule cystic acne. This can have severe side effects and should not be taken lightly; it is often better if you can treat the acne with the right program and products than to take medication which can harm your body due to ‘side’ effects (unwanted direct effects of the medication).
Fractional Laser Treatments can also help
Once the active acne has been controlled and cleared, sometimes laser treatments are ideal for those who have scarring as a result of having moderate to severe Acne or blackheads.
It works by causing a controlled wound to the deeper layers of the skin, causing the body to heal itself by producing more collagen fibres. With the increased amount of collagen fibres being produced, it then ‘bulks’ up the tiny scars and makes them more level with the rest of the skin.
Another method is DERMAPEN or COLLAGEN INDUCTION THERAPY (CIT).
Best Makeup To Combat Acne: Choose a Quality Mineral Makeup
- Some cosmetic products including liquid foundations have been known to cause acne.
- These cosmetic products can cause plugs in the hair follicle and trap the oils underneath the skin, allowing bacteria to thrive and cause acne. As makeup can be worn 10-12 hours per day.
- It is important to use quality mineral based makeups that are gentle and allow the skin to “breathe”.
We offer a range of quality GLO Mineral Makeup, a pressed mineral powder. Ask one of our Dermal Clinicians about what makeup products would suit you
Use Medicated Skincare Products or Cosmecueticals such as OBAGI, PCA, DNA RENEWAL or MEDIK8.
If you have sensitive, acne prone skin, on-going maintenance with prescribed skincare products are an essential part in the control of Acne. Preparations including salicylic acid, retinoic acid, benzyl peroxide and antibiotic washes and lotions are usually the main ingredients in these products.
Next Step: Book your Initial Acne Consultation with a Dermal Clinician at Coco Ruby Skin & Anti-Ageing
- Email us or Call on (03) 8849 1444 to arrange your injectables consultation appointment.
- Book a consultation with Coco Ruby’s Aesthetic Physician, Nurse Injectors or Dermal Clinician.
Want more information before scheduling your skin consultation?
- Request more information about our rejuvenation procedures – call or contact us
- Attend our FREE Regular Practice Events and meet our Skin Treatment Experts and our elite team of Specialist Plastic Surgeonsfor face, body and breast
Send a confidential Enquiry form to enquire about scheduling a skin consultation. For additional information on surgical and non-surgical facial rejuvenation options, please visit our Coco Ruby home page or visit Cosmetic Surgery for Women and Aesthetic Surgery for Men.
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